22 Jun Going into the Fifth Week and Juneteenth
“Juneteenth today, celebrates African American freedom and achievement, while encouraging continuous self-development and respect for all cultures”
Juneteenth recently just passed; I was not sure how to include this in my post. In fact, I didn’t know about the exact details until the last couple of years. So, if you also don’t know exactly what this celebration is about. I will include some facts below (link of these sources will be below as well as some videos on the topic):
- Two years after the emancipation proclamation (passed in 1863) Juneteenth is the anniversary of June 19,1865, the day that 200,000 Texan slaves found out they were freed by the Emancipation Proclamation. They were the last slaves to find out.
- Major General Gordon Granger and his Union soldiers delivered the news to the slaves and after that day it became a tradition for African Americans to celebrate freedom.
- Gen. Gordon Granger issued General Order Number 3:
- “The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and hired labor. The freedmen are advised to remain quietly at their present homes and work for wages. They are informed that they will not be allowed to collect at military posts and that they will not be supported in idleness either there or elsewhere.”
- The Juneteenth flag with its rectangle and five-pointed star serves as a reminder that slavery was made illegal.
- 41 other states and the District of Columbia have recognized Juneteenth as a state holiday or holiday observance, including Rhode Island earlier this year.
Sources & video: http://www.juneteenth.com/history.htm,https://naacp.org/latest/juneteenth-education-is-freedom/, https://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/what-is-juneteenth/, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=He0dxbINs7M, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iu6ntwHws5g
If you choose not to watch any of the videos above, please consider watching these two:
- One is from a speaker who is from Massachusetts titled: Black history is more than just slavery | Asia Adams-Lamar | TEDxConcordCarlisleHighSchool (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tiBXf7LqIgw)
- The second one is a TED-Ed video about the life of Bayard Rustin, a leader in the Civil Rights Movement, a gay rights activist, and one of Martin Luther King’s advisors: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NJcUnXTaCgU